Latest Varicose Veins Laser Treatment in Mumbai
What are Varicose veins ?
Veins are blood vessels that transport blood from various body parts to the heart for re-circulation.
Varicose veins are changes occurring in normal veins, which when diseased, no longer work the way they are supposed to. Inside your veins are very small valves that open and close to help keep blood flowing in one direction – back towards the heart.
Sometimes, these tiny valves begin to malfunction, allowing blood to back up and “pool” behind the valves. Over time, the vein walls become weak and veins begin to bulge, causing the raised, welt (swollen vein) like appearance we see as varicose veins. Spider Veins are similar but smaller.
Varicose veins are normally swollen and enlarged. They often are lumpy, bulging or twisted and sometimes may be red, blue/purple.
To understand simply, imagine a road where traffic lights control movement of traffic in one direction. However, when traffic lights malfunction, a traffic jam happens.
Similarly, when valve in the veins do not work properly, blood movement is obstructed which many a times result into Varicose veins.
What causes Varicose veins?
Mostly Varicose veins occur with age, however they also can be caused by significant weight gain as well as professions that require you to stand or sit for a long time each day.
Genetics can also play a role in varicose vein development, and women are more likely to have them than men. Smoking and taking oral contraceptives or hormone replacements also increase your risk of developing varicose veins.
Number of factors which increase probability of having varicose veins:
- Occupations that involve a lot of standing, such as nurses, airhostesses, hair stylists, teachers, traffic police, bus conductor and factory workers
- Hormonal influences of pregnancy, puberty, and menopause
- The use of birth control pills
- Postmenopausal hormonal replacement
- A history of blood clots
- Conditions that cause increased pressure in the abdomen, such as tumors, constipation, and externally worn garments like girdles.
Other reported causes include trauma or injury to the skin, previous vein surgery, and exposure to ultraviolet rays.
You can also read article about varicose veins on webmd.com.
Is Varicose Veins a serious health problem?
Varicose Veins in itself may not be a serious problem unless you experience:
- heavy & uncomfortable legs with aching
- mild to heavy swelling
- throbbing and burning sensations in legs
- muscle cramps in legs
- dryness and itchiness over the vein
- slow healing sores, dark patches
- thickening of skin around calves or ankles
If you experience any or a combination of the above symptoms, it is advised to get treatment done as negligence may lead to development of:
- extremely painful ulcers
- blood clots which may develop into Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism which are serious health problems
- bleeding in the veins requiring medical attention
To avoid any future serious health complication as described above you should see doctors and avail medical guidance.
What Doctor to see for Varicose Vein?
You should consult an expert as he only can assess your problem and advise if you need to avail dedicated treatment. If you have symptoms as described above, you may meet any of the following set of doctors
- A phlebologist who is a vein specialist
- A vascular medicine doctor, who focuses on the system of blood flow
- An interventional radiologist, who specializes in using imaging tools to see inside the body and do treatments with little or no cutting.
It is important to see the right expert because it is equally important to know when to start the treatment.
In early disease, depending on the clinical examination and a good doppler study, the expert will usually recommend appropriate stockings for prevention.
It is also necessary to know the right time to proceed to intervening into definite treatment to prevent complications.
The technique used by Interventional radiologists are some of the most advanced and have proven to have given best results to the patient.
Interventional radiologists are specially trained to perform all treatment procedures related to varicose veins. Most treatments performed by them provide immediate relief to the patient and enable resuming normal life with minimal rest period.
As per guidelines by National Institute for Health & Care Excellence, United Kingdom interventional procedures by an interventional radiologist should be attempted first before reviewing any other treatment option.
You can connect with us for getting a free online doctor advise for your problem. We will be happy to provide you guidance for the problem.
Varicose Vein Treatment
With technological advances like in the field of interventional radiology, success rate in treatment of varicose veins is very high. Patient is relieved of the pain and symptoms and leads a quality life.
Types of treatment offered for Varicose Veins
- Endovenous laser ablation treatment (EVLT): EVLT is a minimally invasive treatment that uses heat to close off problematic veins to relieve the symptoms. Using imaging guidance (guided by x-ray images), the interventional radiologist threads a thin laser fiber into the problematic vein through a tiny needle. Next, the radiologist numbs the length of the vein to minimize discomfort during the heating process. Finally, the laser heat causes the vein to close. Once the problematic vein is closed, blood will flow through the remaining healthy veins. This is all accomplished while patients rest comfortably. Due to the closure of the vein, patients may feel transient pain in the initial phase, however, they return to most normal daily activities is allowed immediately. Recovery to daily activities is usually fastest with this treatment with no need for prolonged hospitalization.
- Radiofrequency Ablation: A small catheter is inserted into the vein. The catheter delivers radiofrequency energy to the vein wall, causing it to heat, collapse, and seal shut. The procedure is generally done in an outpatient or office setting, sometimes under local anesthesia.
- Non-thermal treatmentsA variety of non-thermal treatment options are also available for varicose veins. These treatments include:
- VenaSeal cyanoacrylate: Injects medical glue into the vein to cause closure.
- Clarivein: Guides a rotating catheter, which is a small, flexible tube, inside the vein to evenly disperse a chemical solution that results in complete closure.
- Varithena: A foam material is injected into a varicose vein to improve symptoms or appearance.
The main advantage of all of these techniques is the avoidance of multiple needle sticks for local anesthesia. There is also decreased risk for potential nerve damage that can occur with burns.
- Sclerotherapy (Spider Vein Tretament): Sclerotherapy is the direct injection of a chemical irritant into a vein to close the vessel. This technique is often used to treat smaller veins such as telangiectasia (spider veins). A variety of materials can be used to irritate the vein lining, which causes them to shrink and close. The solution is administered through a tiny needle.
Which treatment option specifically should be adopted depends on various factors and your specialist doctor should be able to help you make correct choice.
Pregnant Woman – While symptoms can develop during the pregnancy, treatment should not be undertaken during pregnancy. Only non-interventional methods should be adopted, provided they are specifically approved by a trained specialist such as an Interventional Radiologist.
FAQ's you should know:
Can varicose return even after treatment?
Current treatments for varicose veins and spider veins have very high success rates compared to traditional surgical treatments.
Over a period of years, however, more abnormal veins can develop because there is no cure for weak vein valves. Ultrasound can be used to keep track of how badly the valves are leaking (venous insufficiency). Ongoing treatment can help keep this problem under control.
However with the potential problems untreated varicose vein can lead to, you should consult and follow expert doctor advise.
If a varicosed vein is blocked or removed, will it be bad for circulation?
No. Varicose veins are already malfunctioning, so that means they're already interfering with healthy, normal circulation.
By preventing blood from flowing through these diseased veins and rerouting it naturally through healthy neighboring veins, normal circulation can be restored.
One thing which supposedly has shown result in slowing the development of new varicose veins is to wear gradient compression support stockings as much as possible during the day.