Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a urological health problem that primarily affects older men. BPH is characterised by urinary flow obstruction, as well as discomfort and pain. From an etiological and pathogenesis standpoint, BPH is a severe medical complication.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a medical condition in which the prostate, a walnut-sized muscular tissue organ, grows in size. The prostate is positioned or located right in front of the rectum and beneath the bladder. As the urethra (tube which carries urine outside the body) passes through the prostate, enlargement of the prostate can prevent, obstruct urine or sperm from passing through the urethra.
Prostate enlargement is a common problem in men. Men are more likely than women to develop prostate enlargement as they get older. By the age of 60, approximately half of all men will have some signs of BPH, and this percentage only rises with age. Approximately half of these men suffering from BPH will develop symptoms which will require treatment.